Target population:

  • Adults (aged 18 years and older) with recent onset (0-3 months duration) and persistent (4-6 months duration) non-specific low back pain

Non-specific low back pain:

  • Non-specific low back pain in defined as low back pain with or without radiculopathy in the absence of specific pathological entities (i.e. fracture, dislocation, neoplasm, infection, or systemic disease)

Interventions:

  • Non-invasive management 

Target users:

  • Healthcare providers (e.g., medical doctors, physiotherapists, nurse practitioners, chiropractors, psychologists, and massage therapists) caring for patients with non-specific low back pain in primary, secondary, and tertiary health care settings