• Involve the patient in care planning and decision-making.

  • Reassure patients about the benign and self-limiting nature of their pain. 

  • Educate patients about the benefits of being actively engaged and participating in their care plan by remaining active and continuing movement. 

  • Emphasize active rather than passive treatments.

  • Deliver a time-limited program of care. 

  • Do not provide ineffective or experimental treatments.  

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