Select a care pathway below for more information

Diagnostic criteria for frequent episodic tension-type headache associated with or without pericranial tenderness:

  • At least 10 episodes occurring on ≥1 but <15 days per month for at least 3 months (≥12 and <180 days per year) AND fulfilling remaining criteria below

  • Headache lasting from 30 min to 7 days

  • Headache has at least two of the following characteristics:

    • Bilateral location

    • Pressing, tightening or non-pulsating quality

    • Mild or moderate intensity

    • Not aggravated by routine physical activity such as walking or climbing stairs

  • Both of the following:

    • No nausea or vomiting (but anorexia may occur)

    • No more than one of photophobia or phonophobia

  • Not attributed to another disorder

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Diagnostic criteria for chronic tension-type headache associated with or without pericranial tenderness:

  • Headache occurring on ≥15 days per month on average for >3 months (≥180 days per year) AND fulfilling remaining criteria below

  • Headache lasts hours or may be continuous

  • Headache has at least two of the following characteristics:

    • Bilateral location

    • Pressing, tightening or non-pulsating quality

    • Mild or moderate intensity

    • Not aggravated by routine physical activity such as walking or climbing stairs

  • Both of the following:

    • No more than one of photophobia, phonophobia or mild nausea

    • Neither moderate or severe nausea nor vomiting

  • Not attributed to another disorder

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Diagnostic criteria for cervicogenic headache:

  • Pain, referred from a source in the neck and perceived in one or more regions of the head and/or face, and fulfilling remaining criteria below

  • Clinical, laboratory and/or imaging evidence of a disorder or lesion within the cervical spine or soft tissues of the neck known to be, or generally accepted as, a valid cause of headache

  • Evidence that the pain can be attributed to the neck disorder or lesion based on at least one of the following:

    • Demonstration of clinical signs that implicate a source of pain in the neck

    • Abolition of headache following diagnostic blockade of a cervical structure or its nerve supply using placebo- or other adequate controls

  • Pain resolves within 3 months after successful treatment of the causative disorder or lesion

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